what are the different types of  CBD products?

There are four main types of products that you’ll find on the market:

Continue reading to learn more about them or check out our summary table at the end of the page

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Oils and Tinctures

These forms of concentrated CBD oil are typically sold in 15mL or 30mL bottles. It is typically mixed in with food or applied sublingually (beneath the tongue). It can also come in a spray form. 

Compared to other CBD products, tinctures do not take effect as quickly and consumers may not feel effects right away. However, the effects can last up to three or four hours. Those who take the tincture sublingually should hold the 1-ml serving under their tongue for approximately 60 seconds for best results.

Tinctures vary significantly in terms of concentration, ranging anywhere from 100 mg to 5000 mg. The key to understanding tincture dosage is serving size, which is usually 1 mL per serving. However, the strength of a single dose will depend on the concentration of the tinctures.

A 5000 mg-strength tincture in a 30-mL bottle features 30 1-mL servings of roughly 166.7mg of CBD.

A 100 mg-strength tincture in the same bottle contains 30 1-mL servings of roughly 3.3mg of CBD.

These two servings will yield very different effects.

For this reason, we urge first-time CBD tincture consumers to start with lower concentrations and gradually ramp up their dosage.

 

Vape Oil

Vape oil is CBD oil extracted from hemp that is formulated with a cutting agent, such as vegetable glycerine or propylene glycol. Vape oil is inhaled using a vape pen.

The effects are almost instantaneous, and produce a relaxing sensation for up to an hour or so – though the duration of these effects typically depends on how long the consumer inhales from the pen and how long they hold the vapor in before exhaling.

Many find that inhaling for up to three seconds and holding the vapor in for up to five seconds will produce the strongest, longest-lasting effects.

In terms of concentration, vape oils are similar to tinctures. Most vape oils come in 30-mL cartridges, with 1-mL to 1.5-mL per serving. Concentrations for vape oils typically range from 200 mg to 1500 mg, meaning that the serving size for most oils will range from 6.6mg to 50 mg. Many vape pens are designed to accommodate cartridges that house the vape oil; cartridges vary in terms of capacity but 1.5 mL is a common size.

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Edibles

CBD edibles include capsules, gummies, and other products that are eaten.

Like tinctures, edibles have a longer onset time because they are ingested orally, but the effects are also much more prolonged. Typically, edibles will take effect within one hour of consumption; the effects will last for up to four or five hours, depending on the strength.

Calculating dosage is fairly easy with these products because each edible represents one serving size and the dosage is always listed in the ingredients. Most gummies have concentrations ranging from 5 mg to 100 mg. For higher-dosage edibles, consumers who prefer moderate doses find that breaking the edible apart yields the best results.

 

Topicals

CBD topicals include lotions and creams, balms and salves, therapeutic oils, and other products that are applied directly to the skin.

Topicals are unique, in that the substance never comes in direct contact with the body’s endocannabinoid system; rather, the cannabinoids in CBD topicals bind with cannabinoid receptors in the epidermis. The result is a soothing sensation that is mostly isolated to the application area.

People may use CBD topicals to relieve muscle or joint pain, or alleviate discomfort from burns, stings, and other injuries. Many topicals also contain antioxidants and moisturizers that can restore and replenish the skin.

Calculating dosage with topicals is tricky because the ‘serving’ size depends entirely on how much (or how little) is applied to the skin. Most CBD topicals sold today range in concentration from 250 mg to 1500 mg. People with severe pain or discomfort typically find that high-concentration topicals work best.

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The table below summarizes typical dosing methods and amounts for the CBD products detailed above:

CBD Product

Dosing Method

Targeted Use

Serving Size

Typical Concentration Range

Typical Dosage per Serving

Tincture

Sublingually using a dropper or mixed in with food/drinks

Anxiety
Inflammation
Sleep Disorder
 

1 mL

100 mg to 5000 mg

3.3 mg to 166.67 mg

Vape Oil

Inhaled using a vape pen

Anxiety
Pain and Aches

1 mL to 1.5 mL

200 mg to 1500 mg

6.6 mg to 50 mg

Edibles

Ingested orally

Anxiety
Pain and Aches

1 edible

5 mg to 100 mg

5 mg to 100 mg

Topicals

Applied to the skin

Inflammation
Muscle Pain and Aches

Varies by application preference

250mg to 1500mg

Varies by application preference